We're in the golden age of comic book movies.  I remember a time when we would be lucky to get 1 major comic book movie every couple of years.  Now we're getting 3-4.... a year. The influx of comic book movies and characters hitting the big screen has been a dream come true for many fans.  One of the most enjoyable thing about this new revolution of comic book movies is that studios are no longer interested in doing "one & done" stand alone movies for their characters.  Now every studio is building towards their own "Cinematic Universe" where characters from one movie can appear in other movies as well.  This brings movies a little closer to what happens in comic books.  It's not unusual to be reading a Spider-Man comic and Daredevil pops up in a panel.  Teams like the Avengers have constantly changing rosters including characters like Wolverine, Spider-Man and others.  And you can't forget about huge crossovers like The Infinity Gauntlet where you had a huge collection of characters from Thor & Hulk to Dr Strange to Galactus and Silver Surfer.  So this trend of putting different characters in a shared movie universe is definitely one with a lot of potential.  However it does reveal one of the biggest & most confusing issues with these movies:

Character Movie Rights

See in 1998, Marvel began licensing the rights to put some of its characters in films to other studios.  Marvel first licensed the film rights to the character Blade to New Line Cinema. Soon after 20th Century Fox got the license for X-Men and then Sony got the film rights to Spider-Man.  By 2004, Marvel Studios realized they were only getting a fraction of the millions and billions these other studios were making off of their characters.  So that Marvel Studios secured money to be able to produce its own films and get some of their characters back.  So now we have three major studios all making different Marvel movies. So it's understandable that fans and audiences would be a bit confused as to which characters are owned by which studios.

Now I've seen plenty of posts out there try to make sense of it and some of them do a decent job.  This image from TheTwinGeeks.com isn't bad and is a nice general start:


I tend to think 20th Century Fox should be a little bigger because while technically Marvel Studios owns more film rights, Fox owns the bigger and more recognizable names.  I think it's also important to make note of past films and the history there.  For instance, Universal had the film rights to the Hulk and made the 2003 Ang Lee film. Marvel got the rights back and did The Incredible Hulk in 2008 as part of their Phase 1.  A lot of people get it confused and think Marvel Studios did the 2003 film as well.  It's confusing because Incredible Hulk was a soft reboot.  They didn't do a Hulk origin story and it seems like a sequel to the 2003 movie but it's not connected.  Also we're now starting to get more TV Shows going and Marvel is connecting some of these to their cinematic universe so I believe they deserve a mention as well.  I've also added in Warner Brothers/DC even though they don't have this issue with movie rights.  In addition to movie, WB is doing a lot with their animated movies and TV shows.

My goal here is to try to get a more complete list of what we know so far and give a little background.  I'm also going to do a Pro/Con list for each of the major studios because I think there are different strengths and weaknesses for each one depending on the film rights they own.  I'm going to try to keep this list updated as much as possible as things change.  Don't expect to see many changes for the major characters though.  Even when a film isn't good critically, most of these big name characters still rake in a ton of money.  So don't expect rights to X-Men or Spider-Man to revert any time soon (or ever).  Chances are, that will never happen.

_20th_Century_Fox_Logo_in_197520th Century Fox

The rule of thumb here is if it's a mutant, chances are 20th Century Fox owns the rights.  They own some of the most recognizable non-Spider-Man characters. The biggest group being the X-Men.  Fox also has the Fantastic Four and X-Force. So that means Fox has film rights to Dr. Doom, Galactus, Silver Surfer, Deadpool and Cable.

Pros:  Next to Spider-Man, 20th Century Fox owns the most popular and recognizable group of Marvel characters.  They also have some of the biggest villains.  We're talking Magneto, Apocalypse, Mr. Sinister, Dr. Doom, Galactus, Sentinels and others.  They also co-own the rights to the Skrulls & the Kree, Quicksilver & Scarlet Witch with Marvel Studios

Cons:  Because they own so many recognizable characters, there's an overload of bloat with Fox's films.  It seems like they shove a bunch of characters into one movie because they have a hard time focusing.  Its like when you're a kid and you have a bag full candy from Halloween and you want to sample/eat it all at once.  They also are the only studio to not make a clean break and reboot their movies.  So they're trying to build their cinematic universe while still trying to maintain continuity with their first movie (X-Men).  It's leads to a lot of confusion and major characters disappearing.  For example, Cyclops, leader of the X-Men has been cast aside.  He had such a small role in X2 then was killed off in X3.   There's also seems to be an antagonistic relationship with Marvel Studios when it comes to movie rights (The race to put Quicksilver on screen).

Confirmed Movies (Past & Upcoming):

  • X-Men (2000)
  • X-Men 2 (2003)
  • Daredevil (2003)
  • Fantastic Four(2005)
  • X-Men: The Last Stand (2006)
  • Fantastic Four Rise of the Silver Surfer (2007)
  • X-Men Origins Wolverine (2009)
  • X-Men First Class (2011)
  • The Wolverine (2013)
  • X-Men Days of Future Past (2014)
  • Fantastic Four (2015)
  • X-Men Apocalypse (May 27th, 2016)
  • X-Force (TBD)- just finished the script on this Cable & Dead Pool are included
  • Deadpool (2/12/2016)

Rumored :

  • Cable
  • Gambit - There's been some talk about maybe giving this character a solo movie.  Channing Tatum is confirmed to be playing the character

Other Significant Rights:

  • Dr. Doom
  • Silver Surfer
  • Galactus
  • Apocalypse
  • Omega Red

Shared Rights with Marvel Studios

  • Quicksilver & Scarlet Witch - This made a bit of news last year when Joss Whedon said he really wanted to use both characters in his next Avengers movie and then Bryan Singer announced he would be adding in Quicksilver for 1 scene in Days of Future Past
  • Kree/Skrulls - Haven't heard anything from 201th Century Fox on using them but with this new Fantastic Four franchise I can't be surprised if they use Super Skrull at some point.  Marvel on the other hand has used the Kree in both Agents of SHIELD and Guardians of the Galaxy

sony-pictures-logoSony Pictures Entertainment:

Sony worked out a licensing deal with Marvel for the rights to Spider-Man.  And they've been very successful.  All 3 films were  very huge financial successes.  Spider-Man 2 was considered one of the greatest comic book movies of all time.  Spider-Man 3 didn't do as well critically (And even less historically) but was still a hit at the box-office.  Sony also had two Ghost Rider movies which weren't as successful.  They've since let those film rights revert back to Marvel.  With The Amazing Spider-Man, Sony decided to reboot the franchise and really set up for making its own cinematic universe with the one character they had left.  They've also announced that they're moving forward and in the early development stages of trying to put together a Venom and Sinister Six movie.

Pros:  After Batman & Superman, Spider-Man is the most popular comic book character ever.  The Amazing Spider-Man was their "least" successful Spider-Man film and it did a "meager" $750+ million.  So yeah, Sony is sitting on a cash cow with Spider-Man.

Cons:  .  Sony is on an island by itself.  They don't have a lot to work with.  They're trying to start a cinematic universe and they're moving forward with Venom & Sinister Six movies but Spider-Man is pretty much the only major hero they have.  They could probably sneak Venom into an anti-hero role but outside of that, they're pretty limited in what they can do in the long term.  Constantly rebooting Spider-Man doesn't seem like it's a viable solution.  I think we'll see them cut a deal with Marvel Studios.  They already came to terms with the animated TV Rights for Spider-Man.  No one really knows what Sony gained from that deal in 2009 but it seems they're way more friendly with Marvel Studios than 20th Century Fox is.  They were also close to a deal with Marvel Studios to include Oscorp Tower in the Avengers.  Seems like the only reason it didn't happen was because of timing.  *EDIT* There have been more rumblings of a deal between Sony & Marvel Studios.  I've always said that eventually Sony will have to do something like this.  I don't think it's anything wrong with what they're doing but it just seems like cross-studio deals would be the next natural progression in comic book movies.  And there would be a ton of money made for everyone involved.

*Edit 2/10/2015*  So the deal happened and Spider-Man is now part of the Marvel Cinematic Universe. HOWEVER,  this doesn't change the rights.   Marvel Studios & Sony "will collaborate on a new creative direction for the web slinger. Sony Pictures will continue to finance, distribute, own and have final creative control of the Spider-Man films."  This is important to note.  Spider-Man is STILL in Sony's control. This is just a beneficial partnership between two studios.  Still a pretty big deal and I'm not sure I've seen this happen before.

Confirmed Movies (Past & Upcoming):

  • Spider-Man (2002)
  • Spider-Man 2 (2004)
  • Spider-Man 3 (2007)
  • Ghost Rider (2007) -reverted back to Marvel
  • Ghost Rider Spirit of Vengeance (2011) - Reverted back to Marvel
  • The Amazing Spider-Man (2012)
  • The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (2014)
  • Untitled Spider-Man film in the MCU (7/28/2017)


Because of the Marvel Studios deal I'm not sure what happens to the other films Sony confirmed and planned so I'm putting them here.  I've heard they've been cancelled but I've also heard "Not so fast"

  • Venom (TBD) - Alex Kurtzman, Robert Orci & Ed Solomon writing with Kurtzman directing
  • Sinister Six  (TBD) -  Drew Goddard was attached to this. He has a good relationship with Marvel.  Maybe he gets the solo Spider-Man film instead now
  • Black Cat/Female solo film (TBD)


Other Significant Rights:

  • Carnage
  • Access to Marvel Cinematic Universe Characters - They don't have the rights to Punisher, Blade, Kingpin, Daredevil, etc because they all belong to Marvel Studios.  However, this partnership between the studios that allows this characters to share a universe means we could see this characters mix it up on screen.

marvelstudioslogoMarvel Studios:

I think Marvel started realizing how much money they were leaving on the table.  2004 is when they decided to move into production instead of just licensing Marvel Studios probably doesn't want to gain the rights back to X-Men and Spider-Man.  From a fan point of view, that seems crazy but let's think about it for a minute.  Marvel still makes money off of those films for the licensing (mainly with merchandising and not off the actual film).  So they get paid and take ZERO of the risk for making those films.  Still, the X-Men films did $2 billion and Marvel got $26 million off of that.  So it was probably a little sickening to see other studios raking in huge money using their characters and only getting pennies in return.  So they took a risk and planned out and created their own cinematic universe with the characters they had.  And the results have been great.  Avengers and Iron Man 3 alone did just under 3 billion combined at the Box Office.  And the movies are pretty damn good.  The Walt Disney Company bought Marvel back in 2009 but has pretty much let Marvel run its movie with autonomy.  Turns out to be a pretty good partnership for both.  Marvel has access to Disney's deep pockets and muscle and Disney gets a company that's raking in billions of dollars a year off movies alone.

Pros:  They created the idea of a cinematic universe and have been making solid films ever since. Even their weakest films are still pretty good when compared to other studios.  And Avengers is still the greatest comic book movie ever created. Also Marvel Studios' has the most forward thinking and detailed film planning.  As of right now, they have their movies planned out to about 2021.  Plans change but this kind of thinking is what leads to having the most cohesive cinematic universe.   Also allows them to take more risks with movies (Guardians of the Galaxy)Huge deal with Netflix that is going to bring four characters to Netflix in the form of TV and a Netflix movie.

Cons:  One of the main complaints about Marvel has been there lack of solid villains.  The fact is, they just don't really own any.  There's a reason Loki has been featured in 3 movies so far.  They have Ultron coming up in Avengers 2 and Thanos, who made a brief cameo at the end of Avengers, is their biggest villain who they seem to be working towards in Avengers 3 down the line.  Even then, if they do an Infinity Gauntlet type movie, they'll more than likely be missing two key figures:  Galactus and Silver Surfer, since Fox still owns those movie rights.  Also, as I mentioned with 20th Century Fox, the relationship between these two studios is pretty hostile.  Take Fantastic Four. It seemed like Fox was going to let these rights revert but I think they realized how much Marvel Studios wanted them.  Not for the Fantastic Four but so they could get characters like Galactus & Silver Surfer.  There was even a rumor that Marvel Studios was trying to see if Fox would make a deal and share Galactus if Marvel extended the rights to Daredevil.  Fox shot that down.  I think that would have been the closest to a deal we'll ever get with these two studios.  A deal with Sony is much more likely.

Confirmed Movies (Past & Upcoming): Because of the way Marvel plans, they break out into "Phases"

Phase 1:

  • Iron Man (2008)
  • Incredible Hulk (2008) - Soft reboot but isn't connected to the 2003 Ang Lee film
  • Iron Man 2 (2010)
  • Captain America The First Avenger (2011)
  • Thor (2011)
  • Avengers (2012)

Phase 2:

  • Iron Man 3 (2013)
  • Thor The Dark World (2013)
  • Captain America The Winter Soldier (2014)
  • Guardians of the Galaxy (2014)
  • Avengers Age of Ultron (2015)
  • Ant-Man (July 17 2015)

Phase 3 (Marvel finally released their full Phase 3 line up and it's great)

  • Captain America: Civil War (May 6 2016)
  • Dr. Strange (November 4th 2016)
  • Guardians of the Galaxy 2 (May 5  2017)
  • Untitled Spider-Man film in the MCU (7/28/2017)

Due to the Spider-Man deal, Marvel pushed back 4 of it's solo titles in Phase 3 (the ones currently not in production or being worked on)

  • Thor: Ragnarok (November 3rd  2017) - Craig Kyle & Christopher Yost are writing.
  • BLACK PANTHER  (February 16th 2018) - This got moved up. Sadly Ava DuVernay turned down as director but I like the direction Marvel is looking in
  • Avengers Infinity War Part I (May 4 2018)
  • Ant-Man and The Wasp  (July 6th 2018) - Folks wanted more Wasp, they're getting her. Marvel made a note in the press release that they put her in the title because its her movie too
  • Captain Marvel (March 8th  2019)
  • Avengers Infinity War Part II (May 3 2019)
  • Inhumans (July 12, 2019) -  So now Inhumans will be outside of the Infinity War window.  However, due to confirmed links we're seeing in Agents of SHIELD, we know this won't be the introduction of the Inhumans
  • Untitled Film (May 1st 2020)
  • Untitled Film (July 10th 2020)
  • Untitled Film (November 6th 2020)


  • Agents of SHIELD  (2013 - )
  • Agent Carter (2014)
  • Daredevl (April 10th, 2015)
  • Jessica Jones (November 20th 2015)
  • Luke Cage (2016) - shooting now
  •  Daredevil Season 2( 2016)
  • Iron Fist (TBD)
  • Defenders (TBD)


  • Another Hulk movie - We could see something like Planet Hulk and then maybe go Avengers 4 as a "World War Hulk" movie.

Other Significant Rights:

  • Ghost Rider
  • Blade
  • Punisher
  • Elektra
  • The Hand  - I don't believe the ninjas in The Wolverine were called "The Hand" because of this
  • Kingpin - comes with Daredevil I would believe

Shared rights with 20th Century Fox

  • Quicksilver & Scarlet Witch -  Marvel just can't call them mutants or reference that they're the children of Magneto
  • Skrull & Kree - I've seen reports that Marvel can use them but just can't call them Skrulls/Kree but I don't think that's true.  The reason Whedon used the Chithari in Avengers instead of the Skrulls had nothing to do with film rights but because he thought they deserved better than to be used just as pawns and had a deeper history that required more attention.  So I think this is another situation like Quicksilver & Scarlet Wtich where both studios can use the characters and the names.  Guardians of the Galaxy actually has several Kree characters and it will be interesting if they mention the fact that they're Kree or not.
  • Spider-Man - I'm putting this here event though Marvel Studios DOES NOT have the rights to this character (I can't stress this enough).  They have a partnership with Sony and can use the character (and others that Sony has) in their Cinematic Universe WITH the approval of Sony.  Unlike other characters where Marvel owns the creative control, Marvel doesn't with Spider-Man even with Feige co-producing the next spider-man and the character appearing in their universe

There are also a few other studios that either still own film rights to a few characters or that have made films previously:


  • Hulk (2003) - Hulk is obviously now back at Marvel Studios
  • Namor ­- So, from what I can gather, Marvel has the films rights back but Universal might have the distribution rights.  So it's "complicated".  Not as complicated as some of the issues with shared characters with Fox but still complicated.

Lions Gate:

  • Man-Thing (2005) - *UPDATE* So Marvel Studios over the last year has had two references to Man Thing.  The first was Ellen Brandt in Iron Man 3 and then this week Maria Hill on Agents of SHIELD in a phone call mentions when talking about the questioning she's gotten from Congress "...who or what is a Man-Thing".  So who knows, maybe these' rights have gone back.  It would make sense, Punisher rights have gone back and why would Lions Gate want to hold on to these?
  • The Punisher (2004)
  • Punisher Warzone (2008)

Punisher Film rights have reverted back to Marvel Studios

New Line Cinema:

  • Blade (1998)
  • Blade 2 (2002)
  • Blade Trinity (2004)

Blade film rights have reverted back to Marvel Studios

That's it for Marvel. 

WarnerBrothersWarner Brothers Pictures/Warner Brothers Television/DC Comics:

Obviously not Marvel but I added this in there because I thought with all the rumors flying around it would be nice to keep track of the films going on here as well.  Luckily we don't have to worry about character film rights.  I'm going going to start with the 2005  though for DC.

Confirmed Movies (Past & Upcoming):

  • Batman Begins (2005)
  • The Dark Knight (2008)
  • Watchmen (2009) - *added 2/28/2014*  - I completely forgot to add this and I'm ashamed.  I love this movie and thinks it gets unnecessary hate.  I still think it's one of the most accurate comic book to movie translations done.  The only real significant change was the ending and I liked the movie's ending better.
  • Jonah Hex  (2010)
  • Green Lantern (2011) - This was actually supposed to be the beginning of DC's cinematic universe but it bombed
  • The Dark Knight Rises (2012)
  • Man of Steel (2013) - The official beginning of DC's cinematic universe
  • Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice (March 25, 2016) 
  • Suicide Squad (August 5th, 2016)
  • Wonder Woman (6/23/2017)
  • Justice League Part 1 (11/17/2017)
  • The Flash (3/23/2018)
  • Aquaman (07/27/2018)
  • Shazam (04/05/2019)
  • Justice League Part Two (06/14/2019)
  • Cyborg (2020)
  • Green Lantern (2020)
  • Justice League Dark (TBD) - I forgot this when I first generated this list. Guillermo del Toro has confirmed that this is still in development and will be tied to DC cinematic universe.  It will include Constantine, Swamp Thing, Etrigan and Deadman.


TV Shows:

  • Constantine (NBC) -  Fall 2014
  • Arrow (CW) - Renewed for 3rd season
  • The Flash (CW) - Fall 2014
  • Gotham (Fox) - Fall  2014
  • Supergirl (CBS)
  • Titans (TNT Teen Titans show)

Animated - Not going to list all of them but I figured I should mention them especially now that DC is making an animated cinematic universe

  • Batman: Under the Red Hood (2010)
  • Batman:  Year One (2011)
  • Justice League:  Doom (2012)
  • Superman vs. The Elite (2012)
  • Batman: The Dark Knight Returns - Part 1 (2012)
  • Batman:  The Dark Knight Returns - Part 2 (2013)
  • Superman:  Unbound (2013)
  • Justice League:  The Flashpoint Paradox (2013)
  • Justice League: War (2014) - Shared Universe
  • Son of Batman (2014) - Shared Universe
  • Batman:  Assault on Arkham (2014) - Going to be in the same universe as the Batman: Arkham Origins game
  • Justice League:  Throne of Atlantis (2/27/2015)
  • Vixen animated series on CW Seeds
  • Batman vs Robin (4/14/2015)


ComicAlliance.com has made this really great graphic timeline that shows what the MINIMUM we have in store the next few years: